It was the capital of the Inca Empire (1200s-1532).
Legends tell that in the 12th century, the first Inca, Manco Capac was charged by the ancestral sun god Inti to find the Qosq'o (navel of the earth). When Manco discovered such a point, he founded the city of Cuzco. The city was considered the center of the Inca world, the place where the four parts of the empire came together. It was the hub from which the famous Inca road network radiated.
The Incas worshipped the Sun, or Inti, as master of all things. They also worshipped the Moon, or Quilla, as well as some stars. Likewise, the Thunder and Lightning formed parts of their worship, and they also felt a general sense of devotion for the hills and peaks. The important liturgical ceremonies were held in the hills, and some of these were especailly chosen for the rites of the Panacas. There was also great devotion for the Mother Earth or Pachamama. In the 16th century, they spoke of the god Viracocha (Ticsi Wiracacha Pacha Camachir in the local Quechua language) as the supreme god of the Incas.
The temple of the Sun, Pisaq.
El Señor de los Tremblores, also known as the Black Christ, sworn Patron of the city of Cusco.
Cuzco is the mix of the three cultures: the native Quechua Indian, the conquering colonial Spanish and the modern Mixed or "Cholos".
"Cuy", guinea pig, a Peruvian delicacy !!!
Virgen de Natividad festival, Cuzco, September 09.